Address: Buda Castle Royal Palace, wings B, C, D
How to get there Várbusz from Metro M2 Moszkva tér, Bus 16
Open: Nov-Mar 10am-4pm, Apr-Oct 10am-6pm, Tue-Sun, closed on Mondays
The museum has over 100,000 items, a comprehensive collection of Hungarian art, spanning in time from the Conquest of the territory to the present day. Since the exhibitions cover huge space on three levels, at least four hours are needed for a comprehensive visit.
The Hungarian National Gallery has been operating as an independent institution since 1957, and moved to its present location, the former Royal Palace of Buda, in 1975. It is the largest public collection documenting and displaying the rise and development of fine arts in Hungary.
At its formation in 1957, the Hungarian Picture Gallery at the Budapest Museum of Fine Arts turned over its Hungarian items of modern art, approximately 6000 paintings, 2100 sculptures, 3100 medals, 11,000 drawings, and 5000 prints. These were later augmented with the material of the Department of Old Hungarian Art at the Budapest Museum of Fine Arts. The present permanent exhibitions were put in place during the time period of 1979-2005.
On the ground floor, the exhibition opens with display of stone fragments, discovered during the post-war reconstruction of the Royal Palace. The most prominent of these is a sculpture depicting King Béla III's head, the item dating back to around 1200 AD. Consecutively, Gothic and Renaissance artifacts follow, collected from various regions in and around Hungary. Most characteristic are the lavishly decorated 15th and 16th century winged altarpieces (of which the St. Anne's is the most elaborate).
Approaching our time, the most important 19th and 20th century paintings in Hungary make up the remainder of the collection. Among these, the visitor can see Gyula Benczur's depiction of The Recapture of Buda Castle in 1686, and László Hunyadi's Farewell, as well as Mihály Munkácsy's which Dusty Road, The Yawning Traveler and Woman Carrying Brushwood. More recent works by 20th century artists, Tivadar Kosztka Csontváry and Lajos Gulácsy follow, completing the rich and culturally diverse collection.
Permanent exhibitions include:
Mediaeval and Renaissance Stone Carvings
Panel Paintings and Wooden Sculptures from the Gothic Period
Late Gothic Winged Altarpieces
Late Renaissance and Baroque Art
Painting from the 19th Century
Sculpture from the 19th Century
The Art of Mihály Munkácsy and László Paál
20th-Century Art up to 1945
20th-Century Art after 1945